Danube Delta Towns and Villages
Attested in 950, Sulina is the easternmost town in the country. This is the only city in the Danube Delta with great importance in economic terms because it is an important sea-river port.
The settlement was for a long time under Turkish rule, Austrian, Turkish again, following that in 1878 to return to our country, together with Dobrogea after the War of Independence in 1877. This is the reason why Sulina is a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural centre.
During a simple walk, you can admire the architectural diversity, best represented by the Maritime Cemetery which hosts an ensemble of tombstones, where the members of various religions, nations and crafts are resting. The cemetery is composed of an Orthodox cemetery, a Lipovan cemetery, Western European churches, a Muslim cemetery and a Jewish cemetery. Sailors, pirates, captains, pilots, mechanics, princes, commadors, major chiefs or simple workers have found here a resting place.
Sulina and its surroundings have important sights:
- The Old Lighthouse – a historical monument, built in 1870. Since then it was rebuilt twice. At that time, it was located near the point where the Danube flows into the sea. Today it stands at over 1.5 km from the seashore and hosts the office of the writer Eugeniu Botez, known under the literary pseudonym “Jean Bart”.
- The New Lighthouse – new and modern, built in 1982 as a maritime lighthouse. It still serves ships in the area.
- Palace of former European Commission of the Lower Danube – a neoclassical monument that represents the most imposing building in the city.
- The Water Tower – the gift of the Queen of Netherlands for Sulina, following a visit during which she found that there was no drinking water. Construction began in 1895 and lasted 10 years. The tower supplies the city even today.
- 5 representative churches – the Orthodox church “St. Alexander and Nicholas’’ known as the” Cathedral “; St. Nicholas Roman-Catholic church, built from funds raised by the Italian community of the time; the Lipovenian church ‘’St. Peter and Paul’’ ; the Greek church ‘’St Nicholas’’; St. Nicholas Orthodox Church.
- The beach – still wild, it is famous for its fine sand and smooth entry into the sea without underwater obstacles.
St. GEORGE VILLAGE
Saint George is an old and rustic fishing village, situated on the oldest branch of the Danube. There are around 1000 people living in about 400 houses. The village is located on a plain from where the following sandbanks stand out: Saraturile, Flamanda, Tiganus.
The Saint George area is one of the most popular places with direct access to the Black Sea. The beach is located near the village. It is a wild beach with fine sand and it stretches along the coast up to Sulina (38 Km). Here you can meet alike people, cattle and wild horses. The main attractions of the village are the newly built harbour, which offers docking facilities for boats, the holiday village and the camping. International Festival ANONIMUL is held here annually.
The New Lighthouse was built in a modernist manner, with a height of 57 meters and the Old Lighthouse “Turkish” which was built in 1865, located in an area bordering the island Sacalin.
The village is situated in the central part of the Danube Delta, on both sides of the Sulina channel. The component villages are Crisan, Caraorman, Mile 23. Although the main activity of the inhabitants is fishing, tourism is well represented as well.
Tourist attractions near the village:
- Caraorman Forest – a Natural Reservation that includes the most advanced and representative sand dunes, a varied forest of poplar, ash and of oaks, monumental specimens with diameters over 4 meters and various species of birds, especially the eagle and the raven
- The 23rd Mile, a typical fisherman village, also known as “Romanian Venice”. It is also the native village of former canoeist Ivan Patzaichin, Olympic and world champion. Here you can visit the ‘’Lotca Museum” which presents the main way of transportation of the locals, and “Ethnographic Center” that shows the traditional Lipovenian folk art and architecture.
Jurilovca is located in the centre – south of Tulcea County on Lake Razim, bounded by Sarichioi, Ceamurlia de Jos villages, Constanta county. Currently, the village is the largest community of fishermen in the Danube Delta, with a collecting and processing fish centre and an attraction place.
Residents are mostly Russians Lipovans, the village being one of the places with most ethnic Lipovans from Romania, which still preserves the traditions and folk costumes.
The main points of touristic interest are:
- At 6 km away from Jurilovca village, on the high and steep shore of the lake, there are partially uncovered and restored ruins of Greco-Roman fortress Argamum;
- From Jurilovca you can reach by boat the ” Portitei Mouth ‘, a holiday village situated on the thin strip of land between Lake Golovita and the Black Sea. The area is part of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve.
- The lagoon complex ‘Razim Sinoe’, consisting of 5 main lakes: Razelm (Razim), Sinoe, Zmeica, Golovita and Babadag, and several other secondaries: Istria, Nuntasi Ceamurlia, Great Leahova, Small Leahova, Cosnei, Agighiol, Topraisar with low salinity water. Important parts of the complex are fully protected and under the direct administration of ARBDD – Popina Island, Wolves Hill.
- Jurilovca Fisheries Administration – built in 1928.
Murighiol is located at about 38 km from Tulcea and 4 km from Uzlina, between the eastern shore of Lake Razim and the right riverbank of Saint George arm. It’s a spa village whose name means “violet lake” Turkishkish, after the nearby lake colour used for therapeutic purposes.
It can be considered one of the entrance gates to the Danube Delta, being placed on the route connecting Tulcea with Dunavatul de Jos, a touristic route parallel with the St. George arm, which enumerates some of the most interesting archaeological monuments and sights.
Main activities developed by the inhabitants of this area are agriculture, fishing, manufacturing fishing tools and articles of rush and reed, which are often souvenirs for tourists of the area.
Another important activity is the tourism, summer being the most crowded season. During winter the village presents an interest to hunters.
The main attractions of the village and its surroundings are:
- Lake Murighiol.
- The ruins of the ancient Roman town Halmyris, old port at Sf. Gheorghe in the Danube Delta (solid defensive wall with towers and gates, Roman baths, etc.).
- The ruins of a paleo-Christian Basilica crypt relics of martyrs.
- Halmyris Monastery.
- Lakes nature reserves: Saratura I, II, III, houses sapropelic black mud with therapeutic qualities.
CHILIA VECHE VILLAGE
Situated in the north of Tulcea county, at a distance of 66 km from Tulcea city, is the most populated rural settlement in the Delta, with over 3,500 inhabitants. Here live in harmony: Romanians, Lipovans, Ukrainians, Roms, Turks, Hungarians, Germans, Tatars, Jews, Russians.
You can get to Chilia by water but also by car, along the Chilia Arm, the connection with the village being made by a ferry.
Points of touristic interest:
- The nearby nature reserve – in number of 16, with specific morphohydrographic characteristics and with the original flora and fauna
- The Orthodox church of the village, 52 meters high, a construction that combines three architectural styles – Gothic, Slavonic and Romanian, built in 35 years in place of a wooden church.